История Фехтования

Истоки современного фехтования в Европе.

Первые труды по фехтованию, вышедшие в 1474 году, принадлежат испанским учителям. Именно Испания была центром фехтования того времени. Возможно поэтому считается, что современное фехтование зародилось в Испании. В XVI веке итальянцы систематизировали обучение, определив основные принципы фехтования, разработали классификацию приемов и действий.
В это же время во Франции выходят трактаты, описывающие технику фехтовальных приёмов, которая очень близка современной. В 1567 году в Париже создаётся Академия преподавателей фехтования. В XVII веке во Франции появляется рапира с кожаным наконечником – оружие более лёгкое и удобное для обучения. В XVIII веке опять же французы вводят фехтовальные маски, и с этого момента начинается небывалый взлёт фехтовального искусства. Дуэли плавно переходят в «белые дуэли» , где присутствует судья и 4 свидетеля, которые считают нанесённые уколы. И наконец-то рождается спортивный поединок!

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